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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 284-293

Genkwanin suppresses mitochondrial dysfunction to alleviate IL-1β-elicited inflammation, apoptosis, and degradation of extracellular matrix in chondrocytes through upregulating DUSP1

1 Emergency Department, The First People's Hospital of Huzhou, Huzhou, Zhejiang, China
2 Department of Orthopedics, Hangzhou Children's Hospital, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
3 Department of Orthopedics, The First People's Hospital of Huzhou, Huzhou, Zhejiang, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Zhongqing Wu
Department of Orthopedics, The First People's Hospital of Huzhou, No. 158, Guangchang Hou Road, Huzhou, Zhejiang 313000
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/cjop.CJOP-D-23-00031

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Osteoarthritis (OA) is a form of chronic degenerative disease contributing to elevated disability rate among the elderly. Genkwanin is an active component extracted from Daphne genkwa possessing pharmacologic effects. Here, this study is designed to expound the specific role of genkwanin in OA and elaborate the probable downstream mechanism. First, the viability of chondrocytes in the presence or absence of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) treatment was detected by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling assay was used to assess cell apoptosis. Inflammatory response was estimated through enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot. In addition, immunofluorescence staining and Western blot were utilized to measure the expression of extracellular matrix (ECM)-associated proteins. Dual-specificity protein phosphatase-1 (DUSP1) expression was tested by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blot. Following DUSP1 elevation in genkwanin-treated chondrocytes exposed to IL-1β, inflammatory response and ECM-associated factors were evaluated as forementioned. In addition, 5,5′,6,6′-tetrachloro-1,1′,3,3′-tetraethylbenzimidazolocarbocyanine iodide staining was to assess the mitochondrial membrane potential. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) level was examined with ATP assay kit, and RT-qPCR was used to test mitochondrial DNA expression. Results indicated that genkwanin administration enhanced the viability while ameliorated the apoptosis, inflammatory response, and ECM degradation in IL-1β-induced chondrocytes. Besides, genkwanin treatment fortified DUSP1 expression in IL-1β-exposed chondrocytes. DUSP1 interference further offsets the impacts of genkwanin on the inflammation, ECM degradation, and mitochondrial dysfunction in IL-1β-challenged chondrocytes. In short, genkwanin enhanced DUSP1 expression to mitigate mitochondrial dysfunction, thus ameliorating IL-1β-elicited inflammation, apoptosis, and degradation of ECM in chondrocytes.

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