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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 235-243

Photo-pollution disrupts reproductive homeostasis in female rats: The duration-dependent role of selenium administrations

1 Department of Physiology, Edo University Iyamho, Edo State, Nigeria
2 Department of Physiology, University of Benin, Edo State, Nigeria
3 Department of Biomedical Sciences, Aston University Birmingham, Birmingham, England
4 Department of Microbiology, Edo University Iyamho, Edo State, Nigeria
5 Department of Anatomy, Edo University Iyamho, Edo State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Mayowa J Adeniyi
Department of Physiology, Edo University Iyamho, Edo State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/CJP.CJP_52_20

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Although selenium is known to be essential for reproductive function, studies have indicated the adverse effect with its prolonged use. The present study investigated the duration-related effect of selenium administrations on reproductive hormones and estrous cycle indices in adult female Wistar rats exposed to a model of light pollution using altered photoperiod (AP). Ninety-six cyclic female Wistar rats displaying 4–5 days' estrous cycle length (ECL) and weighing 148–152 g were randomly divided into short and long experimental cohorts consisting of six groups each and spanning for 1 and 8 weeks, respectively. Each consisted of control, high selenium dose (HSE), low selenium dose (LSE), AP, AP + HSE, and AP + LSE. The rats were orally administered high dose (150 μg/kg) and low dose (100 μg/kg) of sodium selenite once per day. The estrous cycle indices were monitored. Plasma levels of follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone (LH), estradiol (E), progesterone (P), prolactin, E/P ratio, and histology of ovary and uterine horn were evaluated. The statistical analysis was performed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. In AP rats, HSE and LSE caused no significant effect on LH, E, P, and E/P ratio, ECL, estrus interval (EI), and estrous cycle ratio (ECR). The effect of HSE and LSE on LH, E, P, E/P ratio, and ECL showed no duration-dependent increase, but there was a duration-dependent increase in EI and ECR at low dose. The study indicated that administration of HSE of selenium improved reproductive function in photo-pollution-exposed rats irrespective of the duration of treatment.

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